The research for more than last two decades at IIHMR has voyaged a series of projects, studies and development. The Institute has played a major responsibility in the promulgation of some of the sheer ground reality by undertaking surveys, health data generation to exploratory and impact studies of health services and health care programmes. Over these years, there has been a tremendous expansion in the nature and scope of projects and research studies. In the recent times, the interpretative research has been stressed upon thus influencing policy making at the state and central government levels. The key areas of research mainly include assessment surveys and studies in important health programmes, strengthening management of district health systems; involvement of PRIs and NGOs in reproductive and child health services; and alternative management approaches in implementing population programmes with district as the unit.